In my daily work, I come across all types of singers: From beginner to advanced, from professional to purely recreational. There is one group however that I would like to talk about today:


Should they have one-to one singing lessons at all? If so, from what age? How and what should they be taught?

When I started out as a professional singing teacher, I did what a lot of other singing teachers do: I didn’t take on children under a certain age. If someone phoned and told me their 9-year-old daughter wanted singing lessons, I used to say “no” straightaway and suggested they’d rather go and look for a children’s choir or something similar. I took this stance because children’s (and adolescent) voices are usually not ready for the “full-on” training geared towards maturer voices, a few notable exceptions aside. Most of us only reach adult larynx proportions in our 20s – there is really no rush, and what applies to learning other instruments (“the earlier, the better”) does not necessarily apply to singing.

But children love singing, and if they do, we should let them, shouldn’t we?

Yes, absolutely. However, there is of course a difference between “loving to sing” and “training your voice”. Many people love to sing, but they don’t necessarily need (or want) vocal training. Singing offers a great chance though to teach children musicianship, and that’s where I see its main value. Young voices should, in my opinion, be kept pretty natural: A 9-year-old is not a 25-year-old.

At some point I thought: Well, they will sing anyway, so maybe it is better to “catch them early” and make sure they don’t develop any bad habits. So a few years ago, I decided to reconsider my stance and now rather take on young children instead of letting them shout and growl along to their favourite tunes without any supervision at all.

Stephania, Mother

(…) throughout the years I went back to your advice which I found very valuable.
N. (…) did the level 5 and (…) Level 6 of the Trinity Rock and pop with improvisation. In both exams he managed to achieve distinction.
You cannot imagine how grateful I am for your valuable input (…)

By the way: Fantastic work is done all over the country by specialised teachers, but by this, I obviously don’t mean the Karaoke-type instruction that lets 8-years-olds sing along to Amy Winehouse or Rihanna tunes in their original key (I also think that letting children this young gyrate to “Rude Boy” is inappropriate for many other reasons). Don’t get me wrong – if Rihanna happens to be their favourite artist, they will sing along to her at home anyway. This doesn’t mean however that someone needs to put an age-inappropriate song onto a stage, without even contemplating lyrics or vocal range.
You CAN change songs so they are a bit more age-appropriate to sing (I am not talking about per se age-inappropriate material now) – transpose them, rearrange a few lines. Young children don’t need to growl low Gs or Fs they can hardly reach, or squeal high notes they are not yet ready for. So if it has to be their favourite song, we can simply rearrange it a bit. It’s not that hard!

A child’s voice is not an adult’s voice!

This is sometimes even hard to explain to parents. Children’s voices are smaller in the literal sense of the word – they physically cannot create the same volume or range an adult can, at least not without straining. Their lung volumes are smaller (which is not too much of a problem apart from the fact that they usually need to breathe more often), and so are their larynges. The latter means restrictions, especially in range. It also means that “adult voice qualities” are not that readily available to them, and that their voices will tire easier. There are always exceptions to these rules, but they are just that: Exceptions.

The choices we make when training a child’s (or adolescent) voice have to be different from training an adult voice. This has nothing to do with musical style by the way – children can sing any type of music, from Pop over Musical Theatre to Classical (most of my younger students sing Pop and Musicals!). The repertoire has to be comfortable for their current range/stage of vocal development though. Some children’s voices are pretty robust and only become more sensitive when they go through “voice change” (it happens to boys and girls!). This is a time when a lot of care needs to be taken not to force anything and just let nature take its course. Other children’s voices are always that bit more sensitive from a young age, even before the hormonal changes set in.

Gaia, Child Student

“Your lessons are really helping me … I can’t wait to see you next.”

So if a parent asks me today about vocal instruction for a child, I usually invite them round for an assessment. If the child is focused enough to concentrate for half an hour, they are usually old enough for singing lessons as well. For most, this is the case when they are in the first years of primary school, but again: Every child is different. I taught very focused 6-year-olds who learned really well, and I had to send 10-year-olds away because they were simply not ready for it.

Singing teachers also need the parents’ and school teachers’ support. It is of little use if the child sings vocally and otherwise completely inappropriate material at the next school performance. It certainly won’t wreck their voice if they do it once, but it is not how we instruct our students, or the repertoire we pick for them. Talk to us in advance! We can pick something vocally and age-appropriate they will enjoy singing. We don’t have a problem with Pop either (at least not as far as I am concerned)!

What are your experiences with children’s singing lessons and singing performances? Do you have any questions? I would love to hear from you!

© Petra Raspel 2012

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Singing lessons for children

About Petra Raspel

Vocal Coach (higher education, private studio & online) | Specialising in artist coaching & performance psychology | Writer/Blogger | |


  1. I teach singing in a High School so 11 is my youngest. Although I used to run a singing group for primary school children, and still do for pre-schoolers. Recently I’ve been approached about teaching piano and singing in a primary school. My first thought was to stick to piano but I’m reconsidering. Using voice as a tool for teaching general musicianship, along with child friendly singing technique and appropriate material, there’s no real minimum age. We just need to change our expectations of the lessons. My own boys, age 4 and 6, sing all the time. I wouldn’t expect or want a teacher to try and TRAIN them, but that doesn’t mean they couldn’t get as much joy out of singing lessons as they do from their piano lessons.

    As for the High Schoolers – I would like to say how frequently I discover my students have been performing at school, in class, assembly and publicly. They rarely sing the songs we’ve worked on in lessons. If they do, they’re not in the key we’ve practised in. It’s highly frustrating as the students are representing themselves, and me, and the school. Why are they putting on a second rate performance when they are capable of so much better.

  2. I teach singing lessons ages 5 and higher. I’m actually finding my niche within 5-7 year olds vocally (I never thought I would be drawn to that age in a million years).

    The thing I love about this age range is that the ear develops extra quickly because they are such strong mimics. When they have a properly trained voice to copy (aka. their teacher), I find that the techniques just get ingrained from the get go and they avoid problems later. My students that start with me at 8 for instance, have a harder time because they have been trying to mimic the radio styles they hear vs. having someone to guide them through it for so long already.

    Also, starting them in solfeggio and sight singing at 5-7 helps to develop their intonation alongside their musicianship which transfers to other instruments they want to play.

    Typically with this young of a student, I do combination 10-15 instrument lesson (piano, beginning guitar, or violin) with 15-20 voice to keep the lesson for the younger child interesting. Depending on their maturity, I usually start to take them for a full half hour of singing around 6.5-7 years old and split out the other instruments they are learning. It just depends on what I feel they are ready for.

    Of course, the source of referrals for kids who really have that great ear is imperative for success. I think a key for me, has been just really screening the students to get the ones whose parents say ”she just won’t stop singing” or the students from my other teacher friends who “won’t stop singing along during their piano lesson.”

    I get really excited with these young kids for the base that I can build with them.

    Encouragement to all who teach young kids and have young kids!

    1. hi i am new and i am 10 i am going to be 11 in agust 6

  3. i love kids so much and i teach in a music academy. I started teaching piano and i have taught kids between age 3 to 13. It’s been fun. I love it. But now i just started teaching vocals and i have 3 year olds, 6 year olds and above. Please for the 3 year olds, i need song suggestion that i could start with and more advice on how to make every lesson interesting. Thanks

    1. Hi Anthony!
      Thank you for your comment.
      3 years is very young, and I personally don’t specialise in that age group.
      I think you should try fun group activities (maybe even with added instruments like drums, shakers etc) and keep the songs really, really simple – nursery rhymes spring to mind.
      Another good idea is to look into Kodaly – it teaches musicianship through singing, and I believe it would be a great way to sing simple songs, combined with teaching the young ones basic musicianship skills.
      Best of luck!

      1. thank you Petra. As a matter of fact, after the first lesson, the mother saw that the child is still to small for vocal lesson though she continues her piano lessons. Thanks so much.

  4. Joining a choir at a young age is a great way to practice singing skills. Young children can make new friends, develop social skills and participate in shows. This can better prepare them for taking one-to-one lessons later.

  5. Thanks Petra, this is really good. I’m starting up singing lessons with a 6 years old kid(Artiste) for the first time. What are the other “important tips” that i need to know

    1. Hi Chelly, thanks for your comment. Most has already been covered. Really just keep the voice fairly natural. Make sure the child sings in a child appropriate (i.e. not adult) range, which usually means not too high or too low. This can be very individual though. Watch out for signs of fatigue and strain. Young voices usually tire easier.
      Best of luck!

  6. Thanks to everyone for this very helpful post. My daughter just turned 5 and has been singing since before she was talking. I love all forms/styles of music and have been a musician my whole life. I have always sung to her and incouraged her singing. Well, now she sings all day and has really surprised me with her natural vibrato and creativity. But, I sometimes hear her strain her voice as she is trying to match everything she hears on all of the disney princess movies. We just saw Frozen and in the last 2 weeks she has learned all the words and tries to match Idina note for note. So, I looked into lessons and ran into much of what has been said here. I finally found a person who would provide combined piano/voice lessons. That is just what I was looking for. I tried to teach her piano but she just didn’t have the attention span. With her teacher, she gets to break it up and because she is singing and playing she has no problem with a 30 minutes lesson. I should mention that she is a very mature 5 year old (unlike her 5 year old brother!!! 🙂
    Now she has someone to ‘guide’ her along and teach her to breath properly and not strain her voice as well as become a young musician.

  7. I have a 4.5 year old that sings about two hours a day (on his own) to Usher, chris brown, justin beiber and a few others. He knows all the words to a lot of songs. He even sings himself to sleep at night. Hes not into nursery ryhmes. He has now started picking up dance moves by watching videos of these singers. Do you think he is too young for singing lessons ? He has said he wants to be a rock star and has asked for singing lessons. we also have a drum set, pianno and electic guitar he messes around with on his own.

    1. Hi Sheryl,
      Thanks for your post.
      4.5 is very young, and I’d personally wouldn’t take on students that young because it’s quite a specialised field. Teachers specialising in that age-group are few and far between, but they do exist, so it might be worth looking for them in your local area.
      He sings along to songs that are possibly not always that appropriate for his range, so having lessons with a specialised teacher might really make all the difference. I’d possibly recommend combined instrumental/singing lessons (e.g. piano) or musicianship classes (e.g. Kodaly) for a child of that age. It keeps it interesting and sets solid foundations for later.

  8. Like Rich above, I too have a 5 1/2 year old who loves singing and is in fact doing a duo of Let It Go from Frozen tonight with a 6 year old friend. We noticed at about 2, she had great mimic skills, unbelievable ear, which means great pronunciation when speaking as well as singing. She seems to be gifted this way. She even imitates accents like her former piano teacher’s Russian accent. Does anyone know a singing teacher in the Naperville, Illinois area that is along the lines of what Petra and others have said here? We don’t want her voice ruined, but since she is also matching vibrato in songs like Whitney Houston’s “I believe the children are our future” and the Frozen songs, I’d like someone to guide her not to over-do it at this age. I want her to have fun, increase her amazing talent, but not ruin her voice or get burned out.

  9. oOur daughter has now been taking combined voice and piano lessons for a little less then three months. Her teacher is a music teacher at our local high school. She had never taught anyone younger then middle school and was at first a bit apprehensive. Now, she really looks forward to the lesson because it’s such a different niche then what she is too. She has done an excellent job keeping her focused by allowing my daughter to be creative and keeping it fun. It’s loosely structured but she still progresses through a piano book, for example. I think that who the teacher is, and how open they are to being creative is probably just as important to your child’s age.
    Hope this helps.

  10. I have a daughter that loves to sing. She is very good, but the things she needs help with are: breathing when she sings, her low notes and her high notes. Will you help?

    1. Hi Elizabeth!
      I might be able to help. If you are interested in lessons for your daughter, please contact me through the contact form or via email (both available on the Contact page). Thanks!

  11. I’m teaching children and adults, but do you know of good materials for singing lesson for the
    Children and what kind of warm ups would you do?

    1. Hi Julie,

      I recommend Jenevora Williams’s “Teaching Singing to Children and Young Adults”. It contains lots of advice on teaching young and changing voices, warm up routines and exercise ideas etc.
      Depending on the age of the children in question, there are a lot of sheet music books you could try (always depends a bit on the individual, what they like etc), e.g. the “Singing Express” books by Kayes/Sanderson/Fisher (four different songbooks, starting age 5/6 up to 8/9), then The National Songbooks, Voiceworks etc.

      Hope this helps.

  12. Hi Petra, thank you so much for the information you have provided on ‘Teaching singing to children’. I am from Melbourne, Australia, and I am contemplating teaching singing to young children from home. I am a singer, but also work part time. My 8 year old daughter is a naturally gifted singer, but also attends singing lessons. As of late, I have not been very happy with the way her singing classes are going, as they have had four different teachers in one year. Her current teacher is an opera student, and is 19 years old, and find that she is struggling to discipline her students. As a result of this, I have been thinking of setting up my own singing class or teaching singing myself from my own home. I have noted ideas you have given me, and am looking at starting with children ages 5 – 10 years. Do you think this age group is appropriate, or should I concentrate only on the under 10 years? Also should I teach in a group (which I find more fun for kids), or individually?

    1. Hi AJ!
      I think the most important thing to consider is where you feel your own strengths lie – everything is possible 😉
      I personally prefer individual lessons, but that’s down to myself, not the children. It’s just what I do best. Groups might be more fun initially, and they also leave more scope for activities you cannot do individually, but if you are creative, the same fun can be had in individual lessons. It’s really down to where the teacher’s personal strengths lie.

      You might want to think about grouping the kids though, due to their vocal development stages.
      Children from the age of 3/4 to roughly 6/7 are vocally regarded as young children (below, we’re talking infants). Their ability to learn technique and control their voices is far more limited than in the 6 to 12 year olds (that’s real children’s voices before they enter adolescence). So you might be working with two very different ability groups if you work with 5 to 10 year olds (individual strengths and weaknesses aside). Just a thing to consider if you decide to go for group lessons…

  13. Thank you Petra for sharing your views, and ideas. I think I will start them in a group, then maybe introduce the individual classes after a few months after that. Also, was wondering if 45mins is too long, or should I start with 30mins. I was thinking maybe 45mins with group lessons, and private lessons (one on one), 30mins. How much should I charge? I have researched the costs of local and surrounding areas, and some charge a lot more than what I was thinking of charging students. Your thoughts on this will be appreciated very much, as I’m very excited to start this new direction, and also looking forward to working with children. Thanks AJ.

    1. Hi AJ,

      Apologies it took me so long, but somehow, your post flew under the radar, and I didn’t get a notification.

      I think 30 minutes are more than enough for young beginners who get individual lessons. I don’t put mine on longer lessons until they’re roundabout 14 (sometimes sooner, often even later).

      As for what to charge: I sadly can’t answer this question since I don’t know what your local rates are, but I’d advise you not to sell your services too cheaply and go with the going rate (if you’re good enough to teach, you’re good enough to value your services as highly as those of anyone else ;)).

      You might be able to get advice on pricing through your national musicians’ union, or something like the equivalent of the incorporated society of musicians we have here in the UK.

      Good luck with your project, let me know how you get on!


  14. Hi Perta,
    I have an eight year old who will be starting singing lesson next week and i was just wondering if once a week for 30 minutes is long enough? Or would a hour a week be fine? She sings at our church every Sunday and this is something she likes doing. She also is a very mature 8 year old (she’s my oldest)

    1. Hi Bianca,
      In my experience, 30 minutes are more than enough for eight year olds. I personally wouldn’t recommend a full hour at that age, and I usually don’t teach full hours until they are +/- 14. Even then, it depends on the individual (ability to focus/concentrate and, above all, vocal maturity and resilience).
      Hope this helps.

  15. Hi Petra, i like all of your comments.I have a 6years old girl.I want her to be a singer.But her voice is so so.What should i do ?

    1. Hi Sunil,
      I think it is paramount that the child has an interest in singing. Whether they have natural talent or not is actually a second thought – everyone can learn to sing, and sometimes, the ones who are “so so”, as you call it, even do better in the end because they work harder and don’t just rely on their talent (which is nothing but a good foundation).
      Having said this: It is the child who should want to be a singer, not the parent 😉 So if your daughter wants to sing, I would go ahead, and she will certainly be able to learn to sing if her voice is healthy. If she doesn’t enjoy singing however, there is no point in forcing her.

  16. Reblogged this on Joy Gann and commented:
    What an awesome article! I am doing some research for how to teach children singing lessons. I will start teaching at a school this August 2014! I’m very excited to begin doing what I love!

    – Joy

  17. I’m interested for my daughter. Her name is Gretchen she’s going to be 9 on January 22nd. She lives to sing, she sings really well. She seems to get a little over board sometime. But it’s good. She almost sounds like an opra singer at times. I think she could do some with some vocal lessons.

    1. Hi Tammy,
      If you are interested in online lessons, please send me an enquiry through my contacts page, then I can explain all the necessary details to you.
      Thanks and kind regards,

  18. Hello, I was wondering if you could tell me what kind of pop music you do with young voices. I have typically stayed away from pop music, and have done more musical theater and folk music, but my students would like to add a pop song to the mix. I would like to teach them how to approach it healthily, but I am not super familiar with pop music or which songs are appropriate for young voices based on their range and what not. Do you have any suggestions? Thank you!

    1. Hi Rachel,

      It is hard to suggest specific songs since children’s voices can be so different, depending on exact age, vocal maturity levels etc. One thing to keep in mind is age-appropriateness of the lyrics, which is comparably easy to assess. A lot of pop song lyrics are simply too mature for kids below 15/16 or so, so I wouldn’t touch those ones with a bargepole for obvious reasons (has nothing to do with being prude, it simply doesn’t translate).

      Vocally, I find it’s usually the best idea to just use whatever song they want to do (age-appropriateness of content provided) and then tweak it where necessary. It can mean to transpose the whole song, or just a couple of lines; it can mean to discourage them from trying to sing it in exactly the same way as the original artist etc. The decision has to be made for every child on an individual basis.

      If you are interested in vocal physiology and vocal development levels of children, I’d recommend Jenevora Williams’s “Teaching Singing To Children And Young Adults”. It gives you a very good idea what the average (!) kid’s voice at a certain age can and cannot, should and should not do.

      Hope this helps…

  19. Hi Petra,
    I really enjoyed reading this interesting topic. I’ve been dreaming in becoming superstar since I was 5 years old but I think my mom has different dream for me (lol). That’s why I really envy those kids who has a parents that support them especially in enrolling them into singing or voice lesson. I know many kids dream of becoming a singer – enhancing and developing their talent is a big advantage for them to become even more successful when they grow older thought it takes a lot of determination and hard work to do so. Anyway, thanks for sharing this. I hope it still not too late for me to pursue my dreams to become a singer:-)

    1. Hi Lilian,
      It’s certainly not too late: Voices mature late, and singers have a lot more time than other instrumentalists. Wishing you all the best for pursuing your dream!

  20. This has been very interesting to me! I found the blog while looking for advice on my grandson. He loves to sing and I suggested to his mother that he might like to join a church choir when he is old enough ( he is four ). She didn’t think much of the idea but your comments have encouraged me to keep nagging! As he is only taught a limited number of songs at nursery, would it be appropriate for me to encourage him to copy songs from a nursery rhyme recording?

    1. Hi Julia,
      Encouraging your grandson to sing is most definitely a worthwhile idea. As long as there are no obvious signs of strain when he sings along to nursery rhymes, he will be totally fine. As for the choir: You just need to gauge what he enjoys, so if he likes the choir environment, nothing speaks against it. I would suggest, in any case, to find a choirs with a musical director/choirmaster who is experienced in working with children’s voices though, that’s extremely important. Maybe there are a few kids’ choirs around?

  21. I teach a young girl singing. She’s 10 years old, and a family friend. So i cant talk badly to her Parents about her voice.its ok, she is actualy a very good student, though she has slight attention problems. This blog really helped, thanks!

  22. […] ” Singing  lessons for children: When, what and how? “ […]

  23. Hi there,

    Interesting article and an important topic to grapple with. I’m inclined to agree with the “letting young voices take their natural course” stance, however as you so rightly put, the natural course may not be a particularly healthy one! I remember reading a crazy statistic about the number of young boys with pathological voice issues, simply from the way they treat them in the playground!

    You talk of some voice qualities being inappropriate for young children. What exactly are you referring to here?

    I teach a large number of children constantly auditioning for parts on the West End. What I find is the kids who are cast, are usually naturally “speechy” singers, with what classical gurus would coin a “thick fold” sound, I’d be saying a speechy/twangy mix. Unfortunately though, the children who don’t have this natural “West End” quality, if such a thing exists, try to replicate it, and often badly, with constriction and way too much weight.

    Hence why… Teaching kids is my thing! Because I would rather work alongside these developing voices, teaching them to produce their voices in a way that is both marketable (if that is what they want), healthy, and efficient.

    Could you please flick me any resources you used to write this? I’ve read Jenevora’s book.

    Thanks heaps!

  24. As a music teacher, I do not turn away any child with a desire to learn. I simply adapt their lessons to their capabilities. For younger voices, I like to focus on properly warming up the vocal chords, proper mouth shapes, diction and enunciation, warm tones, manipulating the break (singing vs yelling), and reading music. No reason to push the voice….ever.

  25. I hold degrees in music education and music therapy. I studied voice in college and began taking voice lessons at age 16 because my elementary voice teacher told me that taking private singing lessons at a young age was not good for my voice. With that being said, from the age of 8-15 I sang quite a bit on my own, developing many bad habits such as singing through my nose, tension in my jaw and neck, and using my chest voice when I should have been using my head voice. I probably did more damage to my voice by teaching myself to sing than if I had professional training! I currently instruc children on voice piano and guitar. My voice students are between the ages of 9 and 11. During our lesson we focus on good breathing technique, posture, tuneful singing, sight singing, and repertoire that is appropriate for a child to sing such as folks songs, and show tunes for kids. None of my girls strain or belt when they sing. Most of them sing solos in school and they bring these solos to their lessons so that we can work on a healthy appropriate way to sing them. Singing lessons for elementary school children are completely appropriate as long as there are appropriate expectations and there repertoire is suitable for the child.

  26. I enjoyed your article, Petra. I am a certified music teacher and I have taught Musical Theatre singing classes in theatre schools and stage schools to students aged 5 upwards, in schools to students aged 6 upwards, and one on one private lessons to student aged 12 and up. Out of all of them, I have found it more effective to teach under 12s in groups in schools, and, depending on the maturity of the child, one on one lessons have been more beneficial for my younger students that are 12 and above. As stated in your posts, children’s and even teenager’s voices are still developing, so it is crucial that they do not destroy their precious instruments. As stated by others, it is possible that the students may have learned to sing by mimicking other singers and will have strained their voices as a result, or that they may have developed bad technique, which would need to be corrected. I also agree with all who mentioned that working on appropriate repertoire for each student’s range is important, as is working gently with the students to ensure that their vocal cords are not damaged or overworked, and that they learn good habits.

    From a one on one perspective, I believe that with good guidance, a student can safely develop their voice at an appropriate pace for their age and/or individual ability.

  27. i wish that i could become a singer and act in shows that is my dream i am only 11 years old i wont let nothing come in my way to become a star no one will put me down

  28. Hello, I’d like to get some info. Do you have a location in Phoenix Az or in nearby areas? I have an 8 year who loves to sing all day everyday and has expressed in several occasions that she wants to sing and wants to go on a singing contest such as American Idol.

    1. Hi Yolanda,
      Unfortunately no, I’m based in the UK 🙁

  29. Hi!
    Just wanted to inquire if you have a location near Eastbourne as I am interested for my 7 years old daughter who loves singing and wanted to participate in school talent contest please.


    1. Hi Heide,
      If you are looking for in person lessons, I unfortunately only teach in the Glasgow area since that’s where my studio is based.

  30. I am 11 years old. I don’t JUST sing for the fun, I don’t think I’m a good singer… Neither do my friends. This is why I like to PRACTICE singing. The best way to become a really good singer in the future is to start when your a child. Once you know the basics you can do more than just the basics as you grow which makes you a good singer. It helps me to get more confident and makes me feel that I can sing. This is why I would like singing lessons!

  31. Hi, Petra!
    Thank you for writing this article! I’ve just started teaching privately this year, and I LOVE it (I’m in the US)! I have a problem I’m unsure how to handle and would like your – or anyone’s- take on it. I currently teach an 8-year-old girl Catholic music for her parents, which isn’t the issue. The problem is, out of about 30 minutes, we get maybe 15 minutes of singing done. I cannot get her to focus. She talks and then stands up and moves around. She is also constantly sick/coughing.

    What do you think I should do?

    Thank you for any help!

    1. Hi Lysie Marie,

      Some children that age have good attention spans, others are a bit trickier to handle. Provided there’s no underlying issue like ADD/ADHD (I teach a couple of children and adults who suffer from it, and despite it being tricky, it works with some adjustments), I’d write it off as just being very energetic and excitable.

      You obviously need to get her to focus, so I’d try the following:

      a) set firm boundaries. If she interrupts, let her know it’s not okay. No need to tread on eggshells.
      b) keep units short and sweet. Mix things up. A bit of theory, then some technical work or warm ups, then the song. Let her teach you, watch a good music video together and discuss it – you get the picture. Kids like that can’t focus on one thing for too long, but if you mix things up, you might find she’ll pay more attention.
      c) let her move. Do rhythm games, marching to the beat, that type of thing. Instead of relaxing warm up exercises, let her do jumping jacks or running on the spot. Both have the added bonus that they increase blood flow to the vocal folds, so double up as a physical warm up. Plus, they burn off excess adrenaline.

      I hope this helps, I wish you lots of success 🙂

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